- Gonadotropins improve egg production in women
- It can enhance the sperm quality in men
- It is used during an assisted reproductive technology
- Gonadotropins save you from ovarian cancer
Infertility can be treated in many ways and medications are the first stage. There are several reasons that can cause infertility in woman and man. It can be hormonal imbalance, genetic issues or presence of any other medical conditions.
If it is a hormonal imbalance that causes infertility or if the infertility is unexplained, then the first step of treatment is fertility drugs. Gonadotropins are of three types:
- Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
- Follicle stimulating hormone with luteinizing hormone (FSH &LH)
- Luteinizing hormone (LH)
It can be taken as subcutaneous or intramuscular injections. When the injection is taken, it improves the hormone function and stimulates the production of eggs, Normally, the woman produces one egg at a time or in a cycle. The injection leads to more number of eggs and thus increases your chances of getting pregnant.
Once the injection is taken, it is monitored continuously to know whether the egg production has been increased. Frequent blood tests and visits to your health care provider are needed for this treatment.
As the production of the egg is increased, a booster injection of hCG hormone is given to ripen the eggs. While the injection is usually taken from the second or third day of your periods it is discontinued until the seventh or 12 the day. After that, the hCG shot is given.
The hCG shot leads to the release of the egg into fallopian tubes which is called ovulation. Intercourse during this time helps in getting pregnant easily. As per the data, having intercourse within 12 to 36 hours of the hCG shot helps you get pregnant.
Usually, three or more cycle of Gonadotropin results in a successful pregnancy or they will be advised to depend on Intra-uterine Insemination (IUI). If IUI also doesn’t work then it is recommended to depend on assisted reproductive technology (ART). IVF, ICSI, etc. can be chosen to get conceived. Even in such procedures, having a fertility drug is essential to produce more eggs for treatment.
Gonadotropin is used in men to improve sperm quality. Factors like motility rate and sperm count can be enhanced with the Gonadotropin treatment. It is also prescribed for improved sperm quality when the couple undergoes assisted reproductive technology.
According to the studies conducted on the subject, gonadotropins with times intercourse has a 15 percent success rate of being pregnant. But, there are higher chances of carrying twins or more as their egg production in the female partner is enhanced through medication.
Meanwhile, it has been substantiated through in-depth research that gonadotropins lower your risk of getting ovarian cancer, a major type of cancer affecting women.