- Bromocryptine belongs to the family of Dopamine Agonists
- It is used to inhibit prolactin production in the body
- An increased amount of prolactin in the body prevents ovulation and pregnancy
Dopamine Agonists are yet another form of fertility drugs that are used as over-the-counter medications in many parts of the world.
It is a medication used commonly to correct the ovulation problems caused by hormonal imbalances.
Dopamine Agonist prevents the release of the hormone prolactin by stimulating the dopamine receptors in the brain. Increased level of prolactin in your body prevents ovulation. Usually, it is generated post-delivery, during breastfeeding.
But, due to various reasons, prolactin may be produced more than really needed which prevent ovulation and lowers your chances of getting pregnant.
The condition of too much prolactin in your body is called hyperprolactinemia. The increased amount of prolactin can be caused by various reasons like hormonal imbalance.
If there is any non-cancerous growth in the pituitary gland, it can cause hyperprolactinemia. Underactive thyroid gland and polycystic ovary syndrome can also cause increased prolactin in the body.
According to reports, soon after taking dopamine agonists, the woman starts ovulating and many get pregnant soon successfully.
Having dopamine agonists daily may have side effects including nausea, constipation, headache, dizziness, low blood pressure and increased libido.
If the symptoms become uncomfortable, it is better to consult your doctor and change the dosage or the drug itself.
Bromocriptine or Parlodel and Cabergoline are two types of drugs that belong to the dopamine agonist family. Based on prolactin level, the doctor determines which should be prescribed and how long it should be used.
It can be taken as tablets that can be swallowed or capsules that can be inserted into your vagina.