- Pyogenic Granuloma is an overgrowth of tissues
- It can appear on face, neck, genitals, and gums
- It can be treated through surgery
Pyogenic Granuloma (PG) is an overgrowth of tissues that are small and reddish color. It can usually appear on face, skin, and arms and sometimes bleed as it contains a lot of blood vessels. It may also occur on lips, eyelids, genitals, buttocks and in rare cases, conjunctiva of the eyes.
In pregnant women, these growths on the skin may appear on the gum and are often called ‘Pregnancy tumors.’
They are invariably benign and doesn’t do any harm like any of the Cancerous growths.
Though the exact cause for developing Pyogenic Granuloma is still unknown, hormonal actions are supposed to be the reason for this during pregnancy. Generally, such granuloma occurs after the first trimester of pregnancy and reduces after delivery.
The granuloma can appear due to a local irritation, traumatic injury or hormonal factors. But, it has been evident that these noncancerous growths are not caused by any infection. But, still the granulomas are inflammable and may lead to bleeding.
Some of the risk factors of PG include:
- Lack of oral hygiene
- Gingivitis (inflammation of gum tissues caused mainly by poor oral hygiene)
- Oral plaques
- Pyogenic Granuloma in the previous pregnancies
How it appears?
- Well-defined single or multiple modules
- Some growths develop faster while some disappear soon without medications
- Some tumors may bleed
What Are the Available Treatments?
A granuloma can be removed through electro cauterization, surgical methods. Laser surgery is also available with less scarring of tissues. It can also be removed through Cryosurgery in which partial excision is made and pouring nitrogen liquid directly into the tumor cavity through the funnel. It can be done without the setup of an operation theatre.
If the tumors appear again, it may be treated with antibacterial or anti-fungal medications.
Even though the granuloma can be removed through surgery, there are higher chances of recurrence, and hence strict follow-up is needed. Women can breastfeed babies despite the presence of the growth.
As per statistics, pyogenic granuloma develops in 5 percent of pregnancies around the world and found to appear generally in the second or third trimesters. A research published in 2010 suggests that action of estrogen during pregnancy can be the cause for developing growths. According to the research, estrogen enhances Vascular Endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in macrophages, thus resulting in the growth of tissues.