- Placenta previa refers to a health condition in which the placenta covers the lower uterine segment, either partially or completely.
- One in 200 women are diagnosed with placenta previa
- Placenta previa occurs, mostly, in the third trimester of the pregnancy
- Vaginal bleeding, either painless or heavy, during the second-half of the pregnancy, are signs of a woman suffering placental previa.
- Placenta previa accounts as the leading placental cause for antepartum hemorrhage (bleeding from/into genital tract after 28th week of pregnancy but before birth of the baby)
The third trimester is said to be the most crucial period of the pregnancy. This is primarily because the baby has grown bigger and the organs are beginning to feel the pressure. Then again, some women also experience some level of discomfort during this stage due to placenta previa.
What is it?
Placenta previa refers to a health condition in which the placenta (i.e., the organ that connects the developing fetus to the lining of the woman’s womb) covers the opening of the uterus at lower segment, either partially or completely. While the condition ceases to remain unknown to medical experts, research has clearly stated that only one in 200 women are diagnosed with this health concern. In other words, one needn’t create a hue and cry during such instances.
The dangers involved
Medical specialists state that placenta previa could lead to hemorrhage and even preterm delivery. In fact, studies have stated that the medical condition could also call for emergency hysterectomy
Wondering what the causes are?
This problem tends to occur during the third trimester of the pregnancy. A woman who is said to be suffering from placenta previa is likely to belong to either of the following categories:
- A smoker or a cocaine addict
- Have had multiple pregnancies
- Has an abnormally shaped uterus
- Undergoing IVF (i.e In-vitro Fertilization)
The best way to confirm the issue is to undergo a routine ultrasound.
Types of placenta previa
There are predominantly three types of placenta previa, namely:
- Marginal: In this case, the placenta is seen next to the opening of the uterus, but it does not cover it.
- Partial: The placenta is said to cover certain parts of the cervix or the opening of the uterus.
- Complete: This is a condition that is rather dangerous for the placenta covers the uterus in its entirety.
Does a woman with Placenta Previa experience vaginal bleeding?
Yes. Vaginal bleeding, either painless or heavy, during the second-half of the pregnancy are signs of a woman suffering placental previa. In some cases, women also experience contractions simultaneously.
Tackling placenta previa
Routine ultrasound sessions can help detect placenta previa at an early stage.
Placenta rotates with the growth of the fetus, and often the low lying placenta may go up and making the condition better. USG allows experts to consider various forms of treatment and assuring the woman of a healthier life ahead.
Most women diagnosed with placenta previa are advised to undergo a Caesarean section (aka LS C-section) at the time of their child’s delivery. This is because a vaginal delivery can cause excessive bleeding, posing grave harm to the mother and child.
Women are often requested to reduce their activities and rest more in such circumstances. Pelvic rest is also recommended – i.e., a woman should not have sex or use tampons.
In some situation, experts may also administer medication that prevents early labor or to ensure that the pregnancy continues for at least 36 weeks.
Remember: DO NOT HESITATE TO SEEK MEDICAL ASSISTANCE EVEN IF YOU HAVE A SMALL DOUBT