- An existing medical condition like diabetes can cause high-risk pregnancy
- Other factors like advanced maternal age also puts you at high risk during pregnancy
- Special tests like amniocentesis may help diagnose fetal abnormalities
- High-risk pregnancy can be managed through continuous monitoring of the mother and baby
- Support of the family and friends are inevitable to overcome the high-risk nature of pregnancy
A high-risk pregnancy is an existing medical condition or one that develops during pregnancy which may affect the health or life of either the mother or the baby or both.
A high-risk pregnancy demand close monitoring and utmost care of the health of the mother and the baby inside during the entire term of pregnancy. It is important to know what causes the high-risk nature of your pregnancy and how to manage it without stressing yourself.
Once you are aware of the conditions that led to a complicated pregnancy, talk to your doctor about how to manage it and what all to be taken care of. The pregnant woman may get emotional once know about the complication, and the support of the family and friends will be inevitable to cope up with it.
What Are the Risks that Put You at High-Risk?
It is a universal fact that as you get aged, the health graph comes down. Due to the same reasons, age is indeed a major risk that put your pregnancy in the high-risk category. Advanced maternal age increases your chances of associated health problems like blood pressure and diabetes. Getting pregnant after 35 years old may cause a high-risk pregnancy.
Drinking alcohol or smoking is another threat for your pregnancy. If you choose to drink alcohol despite knowing the pregnancy, it can cause health risks to the baby. Smoking is too dangerous than alcohol during pregnancy. It can cause birth defects in the baby.
Another risk factor is the previous pregnancy and associated issues with it. If you had a still birth in the previous pregnancy, then the pregnancy becomes high risk. Similarly, a previous C-section or preterm birth also makes your pregnancy high-risk.
Meanwhile, the complications that can develop during pregnancy also attribute to a high-risk one. Placental problems, cervix issues and risks like low or high amniotic fluid level can affect the health of the mother and baby. Hence, such conditions that may develop at any stage of pregnancy can also make it a high-risk one. Carrying twins or more can also be the reason for your high-risk pregnancy.
Factors like high blood pressure, diabetes, anemia and epilepsy that may present before being pregnant can also affect your pregnancy. In such conditions also, the doctor insists on special care and close monitoring of the mother and baby to avoid risks.
Is there any special test to be done for a high-risk pregnancy?
In case of an existing medical condition, the doctor may prescribe certain medications or daily routine to avoid any kind of risks. But there are tests to know the pregnancy complications like placental problems. It is up to the health care provider or doctor to decide whether to do the test or not.
Some of the diagnosing methods include:
1. Amniocentesis: A needle is injected into the uterus and collects a sample of amniotic fluid. Analyzing the cells in it can provide information about the presence of any genetic disorders or other abnormalities.
2. Specialized ultrasound:
In case the doctor feels something wrong in the fetal development, a specialized ultrasound scanning can be done. With high-frequency sound waves, the images of the baby have been taken to know if there are any growth defects or other issues present.
3. Chorionic villus sampling: The placental cells are collected and analyzed to know any genetic issues or defects in the baby.
4. Cordocentesis: The blood samples of the developing fetus from umbilical cord has been collected and analyzed. It can provide information about chromosomal abnormalities and other health risks.
5. A sample of vaginal secretions: Analyzing the sample of vaginal secretions can indicate chances of preterm labor and other health risks during pregnancy.
6. Measuring cervical length: An ultra sound scanning to measure the cervical length will predict chances of preterm labor.
7. Biophysical profile:
It is the recording of fetal heart rate and ultra sound scanning to monitor the fetal health. Differences in heart rate or movements can be a sign of any complications.
If you are aged above 35, it is recommended to visit your doctor as you plan to get pregnant. The doctor may change the medications or advice on healthy ways for a successful pregnancy. In addition, follow your daily workout routine and eat healthy to avoid complication. It is important to attain a healthy weight before pregnancy. So set a goal towards that and monitor your weight gain during pregnancy.
Stay out of alcohol and smoking during pregnancy for the better health of the child. Don’t miss your prenatal appointment and always clarify your doubts from the doctor. Don’t rely on opinions of other people and end up in problems.
If you are having infertility treatment and choosing assisted reproductive technology (ART) like In-vitro fertilization to get pregnant, then properly understand the procedure. During IVF, consider how many embryos to be deposited in your uterus for implantation. In many cases, twins are born as they choose to deposit two embryos avoiding risks. But having twins or more actually increases your risks during pregnancy.
Now that you know more about a high-risk pregnancy, don’t get upset or too anxious. Special care and a strong mind help you for a successful pregnancy.