- Avoid food that causes infections during pregnancy
- Street food may get you contaminated water and infection through it
- Raw meat may contain bacteria that cause health risks
- Unpasteurized dairy products are danger
- Avoid alcohol and cigarette during pregnancy
Pregnant women always crave for food. Some like sweet while some prefer spicy. Of course, it is the time to have food, but more than the craving you feel, health matters. As your baby’s health depends on yours, it is important to eat what is safe and healthy.
While everyone is well aware of the essential nutrient requirements especially during pregnancy, many just ignore what not to eat during the pregnancy terms.
During your pregnancy, the most concerned factor would be an infection from food. It can be a bacterial infection or food poison. Stick to that food that avoids these infections to the maximum. To be specific,
here is a list of food that can be avoided considering the health risks its poses:
1. Street food
Avoid street foods that are cooked in unhygienic conditions. It may poses health risks from contaminated water.
2. Unpasteurized dairy products
Some soft cheeses and other dairy products may be prepared from unpasteurized milk. It may contain bacteria that cause health risks, especially during pregnancy.
3. Raw or undercooked meat
Avoid eating raw meat or undercooked poultry as it also contains Listeria, bacteria. The frozen meat is recommended to heat up to 73 degree Celsius before consumption. The bacterial presence in raw meat can cause food poison in pregnant women.
4. Certain sea food and fishes
Though you may crave to have that oyster or fish, it is advisable to avoid it. The mercury content in some fish can cause serious health risks to the mother and the baby inside.
5. Raw eggs
Raw eggs that may use in salads or other dishes also can have a bacterial presence. It is better to avoid it.
6. Raw sprouting
It is a common practice to eat sprouts early in the morning during pregnancy. Raw sprouting can also cause food poison. Have it stir fried or mildly cooked.
7. Nuts and legumes that cause allergies
You must be well aware of your allergies to certain food. Always keep it in mind to avoid those nuts and legumes that cause allergy.
In a small family, it is quite usual to have left overs of the previous day. Ensure that the leftover food items are consumed within 24 hours though it is kept in the refrigerator.
9. Foods preserved in Non-Food grade plastic containers
The chemical known as Bisphenol A (BPA) in the plastic is claimed to cause a series of health risks including brain and behavior problems, cancer and heart problems. Avoid intake of food kept in plastic containers and canned food.
Drinks to be avoided:
1. Soft drinks
Soft drinks contain added sweeteners and chemicals that harm your health, especially during pregnancy. Cut down on such drinks and stick to fresh, homemade juices.
Both tea and coffee, iced tea, and cold coffee contain high amounts of caffeine, and too much of it spoil your health.
3. Diet Soda
It contains caffeine and a lot of artificial sweeteners. Intake of chemicals used in the drink, beyond a limit, can cause congenital disabilities.
4. Herbal teas
As per the researches, Green tea, Black tea, and Lychee tea are found to have high caffeine content thus advisable to avoid. Limited intake like once in a day may not cause serious health issues.
It is to be noted that herbal supplements lack any kind of standardization or authorization. Thus having herbs need to be done with utmost care. Some herbs like rosemary, turmeric, and ginger can cause harmful effects if consumed in large quantity. Thus, daily intake as an ingredient of the food is recommended, according to American Pregnancy Association.
Along with avoiding the above-said food items, it is also important to consume food in hygiene places. Wash raw vegetables and fruits before cooking and consuming. Avoid taking alcohol and smoking during pregnancy for the better health of the baby.
As the general belief, too much of processed food during pregnancy can also harm the health of both mother and the baby. It is recommended to avoid canned and processed food. Meanwhile, eat a balanced diet to ensure supply of all nutrients that enhance the fetal development. Intake of sufficient nutrients aids the mother to cope up with the discomforts during pregnancy.
Meanwhile, it is important not to over eat. There are many myths propagating that pregnant women should eat for two. But in reality, a pregnant woman needs only 300 extra calories during the second and third trimesters. Since additional caloric intake may result in gaining over-weight, it is advisable to take care what you eat and how much you eat during the entire term of pregnancy.