1. Many famous personalities suffered stuttering
2. It is repetition or prolongation of words during speech
3. It may affect the self- esteem and confidence of the person
4. Caused by delay in motor signals for fluent speech or genetics
5. It can be treated with speech therapy
Lewis Carol, Winston Churchill, Chris Martin, Isaac Newton, Hrithik Roshan and the list goes on. Yes, they are famous personalities lived in different parts of the world at different times. But one more thing ties them to the same thread is that their tough experience with a speech disorder. Behind the glory, glamor and hard work, there was a difficult time for them too.
Stammering or Stuttering is a speech disorder, in which involuntary repetitions and prolongation affect the normal flow of speech. It usually occurs in everyone during childhood when they learn to talk. But, for some, it continues to adulthood.
The world knows more about stuttering through the Hollywood movie ‘The King’s Speech. A film about a young king who has a speech disorder later overcomes it to win the hearts of millions in his country.
The majority of the people, who have stuttering issues experience repetition problem than the prolongation. Statistics show that about one percent of the world population stutter. Stuttering is seen more in men than in women.
Once, Hrithik Roshan, celebrated Bollywood actor, described it as a hell sharing his experiences on dealing with stuttering. But, later on, he worked hard with speech therapies and exercises to overcome the problem. He also shared that he still experiences it, but managing it with self-confidence.
Many great personalities around the globe overcame the difficulties of this disorder. As it hinders proper communication with peer group and others, it affects the self-esteem and confidence of person very badly.
Experts say that stuttering is not a physical disorder which causes the repetition or prolongation. It is the issue with the selection and execution of motor signals for fluent speech in person. Putting in simple words, it is the disorder of our brain signals that control the speaking skills. As anxiety, stress and fear increase the stuttering also gets severe.
Usually, people stammer around vowels or semi vowels.
Let’s look at some of the symptoms of stuttering:
In case the symptoms stay for more than five or six years of age, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
Stuttering can be a part of the family. If any person in the family stutters, then the chances of getting the speech disorder in coming generations are high. It can also be caused by brain injury, stroke, and other brain disorders.
According to Dr. Unnikrishnan K. J, Speech Pathologist and Audiologist based in Kerala, “Stuttering can be cured completely through therapies and practices. It needs continuous effort from the part of the person who has trouble in fluent speech. The therapy increases the confidence level of the person, and thus stuttering gets milder.” He added that normally, the treatment could be started after six years. “Early intervention helps rebuild the losing confidence in the child,” he added.
Major treatments for stuttering includes
1. Speech therapy
It practices you to observe the stuttering pattern and improve accordingly.
2. Electronic devices
There are different electronic devices like the Echo machine which helps improve the speech fluency.
3. Social support
Support of parents, teachers and other family members helps elevate the confidence level in children.
4. Breathing exercises
Exercises controlling the breathing helps deal with stuttering better.
People from all walks of life had experienced stuttering in their childhood and embraced success beyond the limitations. The first and foremost step towards eliminating the disorder is to believe in you. Understand your worth and move on. Fly above the limitations.