- Five types of Hepatitis exists
- It can be infected by virus or other causes like alcoholism or genetics
- Hep B and C are the most common
- WHO recently qualifies generic drug for treatment of Hep c which does not have vaccination
- Safety measures during blood transfusions and using injection syringes helps decrease the incidents of hepatitis
Hepatitis is the inflammation of liver mainly caused by the infection from Hepatitis virus. Hepatitis has been differentiated into five types based on the infection, transmission and severity.
Hep A, B, C, D and E are the different infections of which Hepatitis B is the most common across the world. While other infections have vaccinations, Hep C did not have any immunization methods as of now. WHO thus recently qualified a generic drug that can be used for the treatment of Hep C worldwide.
Hepatitis can be acute, life-threatening and chronic too, if left untreated.
It usually lacks any symptoms at the beginning of infection later on comes out as:
- Yellowing of the skin and eyes
- Flu like symptoms as in viral infections
- Mild weight loss
Infections and Causes
- Hepatitis A
It is caused by Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) through contaminated water and food. It can also spread through certain sexual practices.
- Hepatitis B
It is infected by Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) which can be spread through infected blood, semen or other body fluids. It can also get transmitted from mother to child during birth.
- Hepatitis C
It is caused by the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) and spread through infective blood. It is mainly transmitted through unsafe blood transfusions, injection syringes and substance use.
- Hepatitis D
The infection is caused by Hepatitis D Virus (HDV) and usually gets infected in a person with condition of Hep B infection.
- Hepatitis E
It is caused by Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) and spread through contaminated food and water.
Other factors that cause the Hepatitis infections are:
According to the statistics of World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 257 million people are living with Hep B infection around the world. Due to the lack of symptoms in the early stages, it may lead to life threatening conditions like liver cirrhosis and cancer. The incidence of HBV infection is higher in people with HIV.
Most of Hepatitis infections can be prevented through vaccinations which are being implemented in many parts of the world.
There is no vaccination for Hep C infection, but the incidences of the disease is increasing globally. In order to cope up with the absence of vaccination, WHO recently qualified a generic version of its medicine.
According to WHO, the generic version of medicine for Hep C, would make it affordable for the poorer population, who are mostly the victims of such infections.The international health organization calls up for effective safety measures preventing the transmission of infections through blood transfusions or syringes.
As per the existing data, deaths due to viral hepatitis is on the rise around the world, calling attention to prevent the chronic infections,which take the disease to a life threatening condition.