1. People commit suicide due to several reasons including social and psychological issues
2. Timely intervention helps prevent the act of committing suicide
3. The kind of trauma, the family or friends go through after suicide cannot be explained
4. Suicide rates are high in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, Southern states of India
5. It can be prevented through counseling and reaching out to the people who are in crisis
Suicide is the act of intentional self-killing which may arise from stressful life situations or mental illness. It is the tenth leading cause of death around the world.
Usually, the news about suicide strikes the family and friends that even affect their mental health. ‘Why do they do it?’ is the most asked question regarding suicide.
Yes, of course, there are no answers to justify the act. It is that moment, that thought which may compel them to take the life. What can be the thoughts that pass within during that moment? Do they commit suicide if they get an option? The questions are never ending. Let us look into some realities about suicide.
1. Statistics show completed suicides are high in men than in women, while suicide attempts are high in women.
2. Most common methods of suicide are hanging, poisoning and firearms.
3. It is considered as the interplay of behavioral, psychiatric and social factors.
Causative Factors of Suicide:
• Mental illness
People commit suicide due to some existing mental disorders. It can be schizophrenia, depression, personality disorders, etc.
• Drug abuse
Many people commit suicide after long-term drug abuse. Personal issues also increase the risk of committing suicide in people with addiction.
• Psychological state
Emotions like loneliness, hopelessness, and depression can trigger suicidal thoughts in people and end with the act. The thought of being a burden to others increases suicide risks in elders after retirement.
It happens when the person feels no value in living further. Sometimes such emotions are expressed through a suicide note. Some people never wanted to expose the reason for their death. They just fade away. Some do it over an angry situation, in a way to teach a lesson intending a particular person.
Whatever be the reason, it can be thought over and over again, before jumping into the act.
How to prevent suicide?
1. Identify the warning signals
Often, people with suicidal thoughts isolate themselves. They search ways to kill themselves. Have trouble in sleeping and seem to be lonely or depressed.
2. Talk about suicide
Many share their thoughts about committing suicide, and it helps get away with such thoughts. It feels good after sharing the emotions and prevents committing the act.
3. Reach out to those who need help
If you find any warning signal or come across with anyone who needs support, help them in dealing with the crisis.
4. Get counseling
An expert advice to deal with the situation helps prevent the act.
Teenage suicides are also on the rise across the world. The stress, loneliness, and low self-esteem trigger suicidal thoughts in adolescents. Childhood tragedies like sexual abuse, loss of immediate relations like parents or siblings, etc. increase the risk of suicide in teenagers.
Many non-government organizations are working towards creating public awareness against suicide, especially among youngsters. Rehabilitation of suicide attempt survivors and those who get affected by the act of suicide is a big challenge. The kind of trauma they will be dealing with is beyond words.
About 17 percent of the global suicide occurs in India. Among the states with largest population density, Tamil Nadu and Kerala have the highest suicide rates. Family problems were the most causative factor of suicide in India followed by prolonged illness, mental disorders, and marriage problems. Younger age groups, approximately between 15 to 40 years, account for 34 percent of suicides happened in India.