1. Maternal hydration can cause low amniotic fluid level
2. It can lead to preterm birth and C-section
3. It may also affect the growth of child in womb
4: It can be treated with special diet or other medications like IV fluids
It was days of stress and tension while in the hospital getting the IV fluids every day to increase the amniotic fluid level during the seventh month of pregnancy.
“Though I went through a lot of anxiety, the only thing that was going through my mind was the safety of my baby,” shares Lakshmi, (name changed) who was diagnosed with a low amniotic fluid level during the fifth month of pregnancy.
The Gynecologist prescribed special diet including protein rich food and nuts and nutrients with milk, and it had results. When the amniotic fluid level was checked during the sixth month, it got increased and looked good. Later as the sixth month passed, it again found to be low following which the doctor prescribed taking IV fluids.
“As it could not bring about effective changes and the fluid level remained fluctuating, as it came so low one day, I was referred to a caesarian section to save my baby,” Lakshmi added.
The reason for fluctuating amniotic fluid level, which was actually got better after following a diet and body rest, is still unknown for this mother of a three-year-old kid.
The low amniotic fluid level has been a common pregnancy issue across the world as similar to the pre-term births. The lowest level of amniotic fluid can be called as Oligohydramnios.
Amniotic fluid is formed soon after the amniotic sac that protects the baby from everything and keeping the womb healthy. It is first formed from water in the mother’s body following which got increased by the urine of the baby inside.
Generally, if the amniotic fluid is less in a pregnant woman, it can be an after effect of
1. Dehydration in mother
2. Less urine passed by the baby
3. Problems with placenta
4. Rupture of membrane that carries amniotic fluid
5. After expected date, the level of amniotic fluid gets lower
Normally, a fluid level of less than five centimeters or the absence of fluid pockets in 2-3 centimeter in depth or a fluid volume of less than 500ml at 32 to 36 weeks of pregnancy has been termed as low amniotic fluid level or Oligohydramnios.
Low amniotic fluid may lead to
1. Preterm birth
2. Chances of caesarean section
3. Chances of miscarriage in early stages of pregnancy
4. Low growth of the baby or birth defects
According to Dr. Lakshmi, Gynecologist, “low amniotic fluid usually occurs due to several reasons and in most of the cases treatment is focused on achieving the complete pregnancy term or growth of the baby. But in extreme low cases, we have to take decisions in a way to save the baby and mother.”
Studies suggest that hyper tension and post-date pregnancies are the most common causes of Oligohydramnios during the third trimester while anomalies of the fetal renal system have been found to be the reason for low amniotic fluid levels in second and third trimesters. Researches recommend continuous fetal monitoring and effective neonatal care for good prenatal outcome in Oligohydramnios pregnancies.