- You are obese if your body mass index is 30 or over
- More boys are obese than girls in India
- Over 22 million children are estimated to be overweight across the world
- Genetics and lack of physical activity cause obesity in children
- Childhood obesity decreases life expectancy by five years
To find your BMI (Body Mass Index), divide your weight in kilograms by the square of your height in meters. If your BMI stands between 25 and 29.9, you are considered overweight, and if your BMI is 30 or more, you are considered obese. Studies report that the condition of obesity is alarmingly rising in India, which stands second in population across the world.
Generally, obese children grew into become obese adults there by affecting the longer life conditions. Over 22 million children are estimated to be overweight across the world.
According to a study published in Indian Journal of Medical Research, the prevalence rate of obesity in children under five years was below 2 percent. In children above five years, obesity was seen in 2 to 8 percent. Another study indicates a prevalence rate of obesity between 10 to 30 percent in adolescents in India.
In India, various studies reported the slightly higher prevalence of childhood obesity in boys than in girls. Researches also revealed that the childhood obesity was more prevalent among affluent class in urban areas than in rural people.
Obesity belongs to noncommunicable disease and widely attributes it as ‘noncommunicable epidemic, considering its fast spread.
What are the Causes of Childhood Obesity?
Risks of Childhood Obesity
According to research, if the child becomes obese as early as two years old, then the life expectancy gets reduced to five years. Usually, children who become obese while two years old grow to become obese adults and develop other health risks.
And other issues like joint and muscular pain.
Obesity in early stages of life can affect the self-esteem of a person. Often, they may face social bullying and end with anxiety, depression, and inferiority complex.
How to Prevent Childhood Obesity?
- Ensure proper physical exercise for the children.
- Be alert on the amount of junk food being consumed by children
- Set yourself an example of healthy eating habits.
- If the child is overweight, get expert advice and take efforts to reduce it or to check further increase.
- Support the child as the kind of response from the society for being overweight or obese is generally not positive.