Postpartum Depression Vs Baby Blues
Sad feeling that follow a baby birth is known as the baby blues. Not everyone experiences the baby blues; it is experienced by women who face the delivery with sadness, struggle, and anxiety.
Baby blues get over fast, and it is different from postpartum depression (PPD). The PPD is long lasting and affects the daily life of a woman. With PPD, feelings of anxiety or sadness are extreme. If the severity of PPD stays, the mother has to be treated, since the baby would be at risk.
Feelings of anxiety which disturbs the life or makes instant or overwhelming feelings of guilt, worthlessness indicate that the mother needs psychological help. PPD can affect both mother and father of the baby.
Along with the emotional changes, body changes after delivery like excessive weight gain.
Other changes of the body:
- Swelling of both breasts, as they are filled with milk a couple of days after birth.
- Constipation problems
- Pelvic area changes since it stretches after delivery
- Hormonal changes cause sweating.
- Shrinking of the uterus after delivery results in cramping. The pain takes some time to subside.
- Vaginal discharge for 2-4 weeks.
Lack of sleep can lead to physical uneasiness and tiredness, which can be the symptoms of postpartum depression.
Other symptoms are:
- Feeling of hopelessness or emptiness in life
- Insomnia or oversleeping
- Crying for no reason
- Worrying or being nervous
- Being moody or restless
- Mood swings
- Having trouble with concentrating and making decisions for life
- Sudden rage
- Loss of interest
- Experiencing frequent headaches, stomach problems, and muscle pains
- Change in eating habits
- Avoiding people
- No good bonding with the baby
- Doubting her ability to take care of the baby
- Constant tendencies of harming herself or her baby
Risks Related to PPD
- Stressful life events before or after delivery
- Preterm delivery
- Lack of social support
- Breastfeeding issues
- Baby blues that follow after delivery
- Unexpected pregnancy
- Delivering a baby with congenital disabilities
- Suicidal thoughts or harming the baby
- Delivering twins or triplets etc
- Inheritance of psychiatric problems
- Single mom
- Financial status
- Family problems
- Career decisions
There are effective treatments for PPD. The health care provider chooses the best treatment for the mother. Treatment for PPD is the same as the treatment for depression that takes place before or during pregnancy.
- Counseling/Talk Therapy
This treatment involves one to one talking with a counselor, therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, or social worker (professional).
Antidepressant medications act on the brain, and they balance the brain chemicals that regulate the mood. Medications for PPD are generally considered safe, but the mother should seek for doctor’s advice due to breastfeeding factor.
These treatment methods can be used together or alone.
Avoid a diet high in:
- Avoid fish like tuna and swordfish since they contain mercury