- Heart diseases are a set of disorders affecting heart and blood vessels of our body
- Prevalence of heart diseases are increasing worldwide
- A new study finds increased risk factors of CVDS among construction workers in Delhi
- About 93 percent workers had at least two risk factors of CVDS, in the study
- The research recommends awareness programs and early intervention
Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) are a set of problems or disorders that affect the functioning of the heart and associated blood vessels.
CVDs had been considered the most common cause of death across the globe, according to World Health Organization. Three-quarters of the deaths happen in the developing countries. About 17.7 million people died of CVDs in 2015 worldwide which constitute 31 percent of the total deaths. According to research published in the Journal of American Heart Association, premature mortality rate due to CVDs increased to 59 percent in India, which is, from 23.2 million in 1990 to 31 million in 2010. Another study on Global Burden of disease conducted in 2010 estimated that nearly 24.8 percent of total deaths attributed to CVDs, across India.
As per statistics, 272 persons out of 100,000 population dies due to CVD in India while the same remains as 235 per 100,000 population worldwide.
On the background of the above-said facts, a new study analyzed the risk of CVDs among the construction workers in India.
The research focused on the building construction workers in Delhi, the capital of India. The study reveals that about 93.6 percent of the participant population experiences at least two risk factors for heart diseases.
What are the risk factors of CVDs?
With each decade of life, your chances of having heart diseases increase three times.
If your parents suffered heart diseases then your chances of getting CVDs increase by three folds.
Around 10 percent of CVDS happens from smoking. It can be direct or passive smoking.
Higher consumption of saturated and trans-fat food, common in processed food, can increase the chances of CVDs. As per WHO, cutting down on saturated fat reduces your risk of heart disease and stroke by 17 percent.
In addition, exposure to air pollutants, physical inactivity, etc. has also been considered as risk factors of CVDs.
In the research, the risk factors considered includes:
- Use of Tobacco
- Use of Alcohol
- Nicotine dependence
- Unhealthy Diet
- Abdominal Obesity
- Diabetes Mellitus
As a part of the study, 172 male workers were monitored and information on their habits, medical condition and family were collected using questionnaire. About 91 percent of the participants used tobacco. Around 79 percent followed an unhealthy diet, and 51 percent had nicotine dependence.
About 37.2 percent reported ECG variations while 25.5 percent experienced hypertension. As per the research, more than one-tenth of the construction workers, who were migrant laborers, were anemic. The researchers observed that only one in five laborers ate a healthy diet while the majority did not consume the required quantity of food.
The research urged the need for extensive awareness programs across the country along with effective intervention to lower the prevalence of risk factors.
The research was published in the latest issue of Journal of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology.