1. ADHD is characterized by lack of ability to focus in children
2. It can also be hyperactivity in children
3. Children with ADHD will have normal intelligence
4. Symptoms may go unnoticed in many cases
5. Timely interventions help the child to cope up with it
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a condition characterized by the inability of children to be attentive for a longer duration. It can be seen along with hyperactivity in some children.
As the symptoms of ADHD are difficult to be identified from the normal activities, it remains unnoticed in many cases.
ADHD symptoms generally appear before 12 years of age. It can be:
It is predominant in males than in females. The ADHD is of three types:
3. A combination of both
Symptoms for inattentive children are:
1. Difficulty in focusing for long on particular task
2. Trouble in listening
3. Difficulty in following instructions
4. Restrain from doing tasks that need time and focus
Symptoms of Hyperactivity:
1. Children find it difficult to remain in their seats for long, especially in classrooms
2. They talk too much
3. Difficulty to play quietly
4. They cannot wait for their turn
5. They tend to interrupt when others’ talk
“Generally, the ADHD can be noted by a teacher as situations at school would be difficult for the kid to cope up. If the teachers notice such symptoms in a child, they must report it to the parents. Effective intervention can ease their life,” said Dr. K. S. Shaji, Psychiatrist, Government Medical College, Thrissur. He added that ADHD can be dealt with an associated intervention of teachers, parents and all other stakeholders including the doctor who becomes a part of the daily activities of ADHD children.
According to Psychiatrists, ADHD would not bother the individuals after 18 years, as they would have improved themselves by that time.
According to the statistics, ADHD affects approximately 3 to 7 percent of school children and 1 to 4 percent of adults. In most of the cases, children will have normal intelligence. Only certain behaviors would be different in ADHD children, and it cannot be differentiated from the normal activities of children making this disorder a less reported one in many countries.
ADHD can be treated by medicines or psychological intervention.
Tips for Parents:
1. Stay organized
Have a constant place and time for anything and everything. Keep the clothes, school items, etc. at the right place every day.
2. Stick to a routine
Helps them follow a routine to do things. From waking up to the bed time, let the child follow the routine.
3. Encourage them
Children with ADHD often become slow in grasping things and doing it. Thus when they do it, encourage them.
Direct the child to jot down anything they want to be reminded. It can be the exam date or home works.