- Varicose veins occur when blood in blood vessels fail to flow towards the heart
- It can be caused by the improper function of blood vessel valves
- It is found common among pregnant women and on the lower legs
- It can be prevented by regular exercise
- Treatment options include wearing support hosiery, surgery and sclerotherapy
Varicose veins are a condition of blood vessel occurred mainly when the veins become overfilled with blood, enlarge and open. They are twisted and visible on the skin. Spider veins are also similar to Varicose, and they appear red, purple or blue and visible on legs and faces. Varicose veins appear swollen, and are in a bluish-purple or red color. They are tender and painful. It is very common, especially in women and is mostly seen on the lower legs.
Varicose veins are characterized by the improper functioning of blood vessels that return blood from all the organs in the body towards the heart. Organs use Oxygen from the blood to perform their functions, and they release the used blood containing waste products (like carbon dioxide) into the veins.The veins have one way valves that prevent the blood from flowing backward. When these valves fail, blood does not flow to the heart and is collected in the veins. The veins then enlarge. It affects the legs. The veins in the legs are the farthest from the heart, and gravity makes it harder for the blood to flow upward.Varicose veins can lead to severe pains or even ulceration of the legs.
The Probable Causes of Varicose Veins are:
For pregnant women, sleeping on their left side may help prevent varicose veins from forming and relieve the symptoms of existing varicose veins. This sleeping position helps reduces the pressure that the expanding uterus puts on the big vein in the pelvic area, which is located on the middle-right side of your body.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins:
- Painful, heavy and uncomfortable legs
- Swollen feet and ankles
- Dry, itchy and thin skin over the affected vein
The symptoms are worse during warm weather or if you’ve been standing up for prolonged period of time. They would improve when you walk around or with light exercises by raising the legs up and down.
Treatments available for the venous disease include surgery and sclerotherapy. Sclerotherapy is the injection of certain solution like salt solution directly into the varicose vein.Prevention is always better than cure.
Some Tips to Deal with Varicose Veins: