- IUDS are the most effective birth control method
- Chances of getting pregnant after inserting IUDS are just 1 percent
- Copper-T and Hormonal IUDs are available
- IUDs are less likely to cause side effects
- It lasts longer and no need for daily intake as in birth control pills
IUD, Intra-Uterine Device, is the most efficient birth control method among the existing one. The method is less likely to cause side effects and chances of getting pregnant after using IUD is just one percent across the world.
Intra-Uterine Devices are inserted into one’s uterus blocking the sperms from reaching to the eggs, thus avoiding the process of fertilization. There are two types of IUDs; Hormonal and Copper-T. Copper-T IUDS are most available in India and cost effective too. It can be used for about 12 years without major health issues. Hormonal IUDs are a bit expensive.
Copper-T IUDs release copper ions that act as toxic to sperms and kill it avoiding chances of fertilization. Hormonal IUDs release progesterone hormone which increases the thickness of cervical mucus, thereby preventing the sperm from reaching the egg.
Benefits of IUD:
- Once inserted, it lasts longer
- Cost effective
- No side effects
- Most efficient method
- Temporary contraceptive
- Emergency contraceptive
“I was told about the methods by my gynecologist, and after discussing with my partner, we decided to use Copper-T IUDs. It has been three years now, and I have no health issues in connection with it. Though I was afraid when I heard about inserting it, after consulting with my doctor, I became confident, and the process was so comfortable,” shares Uma (name changed on request) a working mother with a three-year-old baby girl.
A 2005-2006 statistics stated that around 22 percent married women in the country had an unmet need for family planning. Following such statistical analysis, government had introduced schemes for effective family planning methods and availability of services and advice in rural public health centers.
A research among Indian women published in 2014 in BioMed Central Journal of Reproductive Health substantiated that 99.6 percent of women participants found to be satisfied with using IUDs. Media reports in 2016 stated that there had been a decrease of about 6 percent in contraception usage among Indians when compared to the statistics in 2006. Despite the awareness campaigns, there still remains a barrier regarding the family planning.
Myths, confusions and less accessibility to IUDs lead to such situations of repeated pregnancies affecting the health and life of mothers. Extensive campaigns from government and non-government organizations to reach out to the most neglected regions in the country should be taken place as it is a major women’s health concern.