- Diabetes causes a number of complications
- Longer duration of diabetes worsen hearing loss
- Duration of diabetics affect hearing threshold
- About 52.3 percent of diabetic participants in the research were women
- Early diagnosis of diabetes helps reduce complications
Type 2 Diabetes can cause different kinds of changes to one’s body and acoustic complications too arise as a part of it. It is a syndrome of chronic hyperglycemia due to which the body cannot produce sufficient insulin to balance the blood glucose levels. Numerous studies have shown the auditory problems in diabetic patients across the world, but a recent study provide new insights into the hearing threshold of a diabetes patient.
The research conducted by a team of professionals at Department of ENT and Dept. of Internal Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, found that duration of diabetes in a person can affect the hearing threshold. Hearing threshold is the minimum frequency of sound that an individual can hear. This minimum frequency was high among the participants with longer duration of diabetes.
As per the research, the hearing threshold of a person will be higher if the person suffers from diabetes for longer years – may be ten or more. The research included 170 type 2 diabetes patients and observed their hearing problems. The research revealed a shocking 71.8 percent hearing loss among type 2 diabetic patients.
Another research by Blue Mountains Hearing Study in 2016 had found out that the hearing threshold in people having diabetes for more than ten years was worst when compared to those with diabetics for less than ten years.
The research also confirms that 40-49 years are the most common age for diabetes and 52.3 percent of the diabetic were women.
The researchers suggest that early detection of diabetics can reduce the complications. In addition, continuous monitoring of auditory capacity of diabetic patients helps in giving proper treatment, in the absence of which complete hearing loss may happen.
The study was published in the latest issue of Indian Journal of Otology.