- IQ have been analyzed on the hereditary factors, but rarely on environmental factors
- Place of resident, parent’s occupation have had an effect on child’s IQ level
- Malnutrition affects the child’s intelligent potential
- Schools too influence the child’s IQ level
- Appreciation and support from family crucial for the child
It is a known fact that Intelligence Quotient in humans is hereditary and thus genetic aspects play a big role in deciding the potential of your child. But the other aspects which can influence the IQ level of a child after he was born are hardly addressed and rarely subjected to deep analysis.
A research by a team of medical experts from Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, the central state of Maharashtra in India, found out that environmental factors like place of residence, parent’s occupation and educational qualification, etc. influence the intelligent quotient of your child.
Factors influencing IQ of a Child:
- Place of residence
- Parent’s education and occupation
- Income of the family
- Physical Exercise
- Support and Appreciation from family
- Standard of school
As per the research, with the participation of 1065 school students from different parts of India, 55.8 percent students with high intelligent quotient lived in cities. The average age of students who participated in the study was 14-15 years, and children with learning disabilities were not part of it.
Experts observe that the facilities and opportunities of a child living in a city would be helpful to use the complete potential than his or her counterpart living in the village.
Meanwhile, parents’ education and occupation too found to be an influential factor in child’s IQ. The higher education qualification ensures a high profile job or professional job and the family would have a higher income. Thus it gives the child better opportunities and cognitive stimulation to grow.
The research also analyzed the effect of physical exercise on intelligence quotient of children. As per the study, 52.8 percent children with high IQ were those who played more than 5 hours per week. Some exercises can help the secretion of hormones that enhances memory power, says the research.
In addition, the standard of school too acts as one of the several factors in developing the IQ level of a kid. Along with it, malnutrition in the early stages of growth also affects the IQ of a child. Lack of breastfeeding, deficiency of micro-nutrients, etc. also results in low IQ level in children. Apart from all these factors, the kind of attention and appreciation the parents and family members provide to a child also have a great influence on his/ her development.
The research would definitely be of great help to policy makers and schools to ensure that the children have a positive circumstance around them for the right intelligent quotient. Social factors and physical fitness contribute to the comprehensive development of a child.
The research was published in the latest issue of Industrial Psychiatrist Journal.