- Peer support intervention helps a diabetic woman in getting better
- Yoga practices on charted out timings and postures will help improve the health of diabetic women
- Quality of life of diabetic patients matters
- Many women avoid intake of diet controls like wheat food because of the familial considerations
- Yoga can decrease the blood sugar level in diabetic women
While the treatment methods and medications try to increase the quality of life of diabetic women across the globe, a recent study points out the importance of peer-support-intervention programs and Yoga practices for diabetic women.
As per researches, about 70 million people, half of which are women, in India, have diabetes and the number is calculated to rise to 101 billion by 2030.
It is definitely something to be taken very seriously as more and more women are diagnosed with diabetes. In Kerala, the Southern state of India, diabetics remain double than the average rate in the country. A study conducted in 2007 put the prevalence of diabetes in Kerala at 20 percent when the national average was 8 percent. Meanwhile, a number of diabetic women too found to be increasing at the national level, of which many are unaware.
With the existing statistics, it is totally pertinent to adopt those methods which can help the diabetic patients live better with self-respect.
The research was conducted by Aswathy Sreedevi, Department of Community Medicine, Amritha Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Ambika Gopalakrishnan, CEO, Chellaram Diabetics Institute, Pune, Maharashtra, Sundaram Ramaiyer Karimassery, Department of Biostatistics, AIMS, Kochi, Kuttikkatt Soman Deepak, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Palakkad.
The research included 120 women with diabetes and divided into three groups of 40 each. A group of women was subjected to peer-support-intervention while another group was instructed to do Yoga. A separate group of women was observed in control as a part of the research.
At the end of the study, the team found out that peer-support interventions had a significant effect on diabetic women. The peer-support functions included providing emotional support, linkage to clinical care, applying disease management plans, etc. Three women were selected to be the peer mentors and training, and resource materials were provided to take forward the support interventions. The pieces of advice and support from a peer mentor had been reported to be effective for 95 percent of participants of the study. The study also found that many found relieved after discussing family issues with the peer mentor. Women, who were actually happy to take wheat food for dinner, avoided it considering the family likes and dislikes.
In the other group, the women were instructed to practice yoga on a daily basis. The yoga practices include Surya Namaskara (25 minutes), Muscle relaxation techniques (5-7minutes) and Asanas (15 minutes) like Pavanamukthasana, Bhujangasana and Shalabhasana.
Most of the women reported a decrease in blood sugar level after the continuous practice of Yoga. Increased level of confidence and feeling good were also reported due to the practice of Yoga.
The results of the study throw light upon the need to adopt all possible methods that would increase the quality of life of diabetic patients. Being one of the lifestyle diseases, commonly seen in both urban and rural people, incorporating new and effective methods in addition to general treatment methods like exercise, medications and diet control would benefit a lot.
The research was published in the latest issue of Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism.