- Pregnant women classified into Underweight, Overweight and Obese as a part of the study
- Obese women have higher risks of caesarean section
- Underweight women face risks of low birth weight infants
- Even if pregnant women did not attain recommended weight, it has been observed that lower weight gain avoid chances of C-section
- Counseling and healthy food can help to an extent
Every woman puts on weight during pregnancy, and there is nothing suspicious about it. With the food cravings and additional appetite, it is quite natural to gain weight, but how much weight, always matters, says a new research by a team of doctors.
The study conducted by Viswanathan Mohan, Balaji Bhavadharini, Ranjith Mohan Anjana and Mohan Deepa, Department of Diabetology and Epidemiology, Madras Diabetics Research Foundation, Gopal Jayashree, Subrahmaniam Nrutya, Ram Uma and Mahadevan Shoabana, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seethapathy Clinic and Hospital, Chennai, Balma Malanda, Arivudainambi Kayal and Anne Belton, Department of Policy and Programs, International Diabetics Federation, Belgium, Kurien Joseph and Kurian Rekha, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Joseph Nursing Home, Chennai.
The more-than-normal food intake during pregnancy definitely results in weight gain though exceptions are there. Anemic women may lose weight due to the medical condition. As per the researches, a pregnant woman puts on weight up to ten kilograms during the entire nine-month term normally, from the weight before getting pregnant.
The study observed the weight gain or loss in underweight, overweight and obese women in Chennai during pregnancy. And the result shows that chances of caesarean sections were higher in obese women who attained the recommended weight during pregnancy. Previous studies state that maternal obesity leads to miscarriage in the early months of pregnancy and it may also affect the health of mother and infant.
Meanwhile, the research pointed out that underweight women were more vulnerable to preterm births. In addition, underweight women who gained less weight during the pregnancy results in low-birth-weight infants and the chances for low birth weight were two fold when compared to others. The study also stated that normal weight and over-weight women who gained less weight than recommended had lower risks of caesarean section and preterm delivery. The research observed about 16,000 cases of pregnant women and their weight gain or loss during the pregnancy term.
Gynecologists suggest intake of nutritious food during the entire pregnancy. Ensure adequate amounts of protein, calcium and Iron. More of leafy vegetables, fruits and a mix of various pulses will ensure the mother and kid a healthy diet.
The study published in Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism gives insights into the need to constantly look upon the process of gaining or losing weight during pregnancy.