- Heat strokes are caused due to prolonged exposure to the sun
- A person suffering from heat stroke may experience heat exhaustion, fatigue and giddiness
- It is important to hydrate your body at all times
- A balanced diet can help you prevent heat strokes
The summer has, indeed, begun. For those of you living next to a body of water, the humid and sultry weather is bound to make you feel uneasy. Others do not be fooled by the not-so-sweaty days. The summer heat is truly deadly if one does not act cautiously. Careless behavior can lead to severe health concerns, including heat strokes.
Facts that you ought to know
Strokes are caused by a blocked blood vessel or bleeding in the brain. Heat strokes, generally, occur due to prolonged exposure to high temperatures.
Medical practitioners define heat strokes to be a state in which the body temperature is recorded to be greater than 104 degrees Fahrenheit, combined with other complications related to the central nervous system.
It is for this reason that the disease is more prominent about certain groups of people – including manual laborers, farmers, fishermen and even senior citizens. It could also be noted that those who have dry and unhealthy skin are likely to be affected by this disease as well.
How do you know if a person is suffering from heat strokes?
A person suffering from heat strokes are likely to showcase the following signs:
Fatigue: He or she feels tired, especially after working in the sun for long hours
Heat exhaustion: He or she is unable to sit or stand primarily after being exposed to the sun’s heat for several consecutive hours.
Giddiness: The lack of salts and water in the body can make the person feel drowsy.
Interestingly, experts say that a person who faints or becomes unconscious due to heat exhaustion or fatigue is more prone to suffering from a heat stroke.
Prevention is indeed better than cure
A cautious and conscious way of life can help prevent an ailment as grave as this. Dr. P.K. Sasidharan, (Retd) Professor and Head of the Department of General Medicine, Government Medical College, Kozhikode has mentioned a few steps that could help prevent the occurrence of heat strokes. They are:
Ensure that your normal diet helps you stay hydrated. If one may elaborate on the scientific aspects, a person’s urine output should be about 1.5 liters per day. Hence, it is advised that a person should consume plenty of water (preferably regular water served at room temperature) along with the regular consumption of vegetables and adequate intake of fresh whole seasonal fruits.
Wear appropriate and comfortable clothing. It is wise to wear white or light colored clothes in the summer as these colors reflect the heat.
Follow a balanced diet. It is believed that 90 percent of India’s population does not do so. Thus, they are subject to various diseases and have higher chances of being affected by heat strokes.
Components of the balanced diet
Your diet but include sufficient intake of water. Oral Rehydration Solutions (ORS) can also be consumed in extreme cases of dehydration. Home remedies such as lime juice and buttermilk served with a tinge of salt can also work wonders.
You must also consume fruits and vegetables that are rich in fiber. It could be noted that these food items are also rich in sugar and salts, which are essential for the body.
The traditional rice porridge or kanji can also be consumed to the keep the body hydrated.
Remember: Your body is a temple. You must protect, preserve and value it. Stay healthy stay hydrated this summer.